How to install Windows 10 on SSD. You have bought a SSD to install it on your PC, in order to achieve more speed thanks to the better reading and writing performance that discs of this type can offer compared to classic mechanical discs. The problem is that now you have no idea how to proceed to mount it on your PC. So with this guide I will help you.
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How to install Windows 10 on a new SSD
Have you decided to replace your "old" mechanical drive with a new generation SSD, with the firm intention of using it as your primary drive?
Then follow the instructions that I am going to give you very carefully below. First, I will explain how to install the new storage medium in the PC, how to proceed with the installation of the operating system or with the cloning of the content of the old HDD.
Mount SSD on PC
To install a new SSD in your Pc, without touching the existing mechanical disk, you must first get a SATA cable, un additional power cord and in some cases even a 3.5 «frame to be able to insert the SSD unit correctly in the housings designed to contain the mechanical disks, which are much larger in terms of physical dimensions. If you don't have one, you can buy a "ready to go" kit to connect a new SSD to the fixed PC.
If, on the other hand, you intend to completely replace the old mechanical disk (in case, for example, it has been broken), it is very likely that you can use the SATA cable and the power cable previously connected to the HDD mechanical, buying the only frame instead.
Once you have the equipment, connect the SSD to the chassis Using the supplied screws, disassemble the PC case (after having it disconnected from the network ), so insert frame in one of the slots in the case designed to hold fixed discs and optical readers and screw them in with larger screws.
Later, if you have decided to combine the solid state drive with an existing one, take the SATA cable, connect one end to the SSD and the other to the motherboard, then use one of the power cords that "sprout" from the PC's power supply (or a new cord, if you have a modular power supply) to supply power to the drive.
When you have finished, reassemble the case, connect the power cable, turn on the PC and verify that the operating system correctly detects the disk.
If, on the other hand, you plan to add a second SSD to a notebook, it's a bit complicated: except for very high-end notebook PCs, they are designed to accommodate only one drive at a time. But, if you really don't want to give up having two discs at the same time, you can remove the DVD burner, if present, and install the SSD instead, using a special one 2.5 «disc trolley.
After installing the SSD inside the caddy, you will need to disassemble the laptop, remove the optical reader from inside, and put the caddy in place of the latter. If you have never performed such an operation before, feel free to ask a relative, friend, or skilled technician for help who can complete the replacement without causing damage.
Install Windows 10 on internal SSD
Once you've completed the "assembly" of the new SSD, you can finally "get it moving" by installing a copy of Windows inside. In this tutorial chapter, I will explain How to install Windows 10 on internal SSD from scratch (therefore, without pre-existing drivers or programs). If you want to clone your existing Windows 10 installation to SSD instead, you can follow the steps in the next section.
First, get a USB or DVD containing a copy of Windows 10.
Once the download is complete, start the obtained program (eg. MediaCreationTool1903.exe ), accept the Microsoft license terms by clicking the appropriate button. Place the check mark next to the option Create installation media (USB flash drives, DVD, or ISO files guidance on other pc) , Click the button siguiente and verify that the selected options ( Language, edition y architecture ) are consistent with what you want to achieve.
Otherwise, remove the check mark from Use the recommended options for this PC and use the appropriate drop-down menus to choose the version of the operating system you prefer.
Once you have selected your preferred option, press thebutton. following. If you have chosen to create the USB drive, select the latter from the list of available drives and, knowing that the files it contains will be deleted, Click the button siguiente, to start creating the installation media.
If you have chosen to download the ISO image, you should wait for the file to download completely to your PC.
When this happens, all you have to do is burn it to DVD using the program of your choice.
note - If you've already installed and activated Windows 10 on your PC, you won't need to get a new serial code as this will be 'read' from the motherboard that matches your old copy.
Otherwise, you will need to purchase a valid product key to proceed with operating system activation.
Once you have everything you need, you need to configure your PC to boot from USB or DVD (depending on the installation medium you have chosen): to do so, enter the UEFI Pc and change the boot order of the device.
You can access UEFI as follows: Right click the button Home (The Windows flag located in the lower left corner of the screen), choose the item adjustments from the proposed menu and click on the icon Update and security attached to the new screen that opens.
Then click Start / Home (left), then the button Restart now located in the box Advanced start and, when the menu with reset options appears, select the icon Problem solving, then the icon Advanced and subsequently, UEFI firmware configurations.
Finally, click on the button. resume and wait for the PC to restart.
If not successful in this way, the PC could be equipped with the classic BIOS.
In that case, you must restart the PC And, as soon as the first power screen appears, press the button several times to access the BIOS settings, which generally corresponds to F2, F10 o Eliminate.
Anyway, go to the settings panel, go to the section Boot / Start and establish the USB device or DVD Player as the first boot device.
This will start the PC from the Windows installation media you created earlier.
Then configure the SSD disk how second starter unit, leaving the previous record, instead, as "last option".
Once done, connect the USB stick or insert the Windows DVD into the PC, then save the configuration and wait for the PC to reboot again.
For more information on the steps to follow to access UEFI / BIOS and act on the configuration panel settings, I refer you to my tutorial on how to enter the BIOS.
If everything went well, soon after starting the PC, you should see a message inviting you to push a button to boot from USB / DVD. Therefore, do this and wait for all the files necessary to start a new installation of Windows to load into memory (it may take a few minutes).
After uploading the files, you should be able to see the Windows installation screen: enter the language, el time format and distribution of keyboard to use click the buttons siguiente y install, enter the Product key in the appropriate text box and click the button siguiente.
If you don't have one (if, for example, your copy of Windows is "linked" to the motherboard), click on the item I don't have a product key.
Then, if necessary, choose the version of Windows you want to install, depending on the license you have, click the button again siguiente, put the check mark next to the article I accept the terms of the license, click again siguiente and click on the item Custom - Install Windows only to access advanced installation options.
In the next window, select the SSD unit where you plan to install Windows: if you have not formatted the disk before, it should appear as Unallocated space.
If you can't recognize the new record "on the fly", I suggest you take a look at the columns Total size, Available space (which, for an empty SSD, must be identical to the total size, or at most different than a few MB) and type (For a disk that does not contain an operating system, this column is generally empty.)
Once you have identified the SSD to install Windows on, click on the relevant item, then the button siguiente and that's it. The program will install the Windows operating system on the SSD, restarting the PC when necessary.
Once the installation is complete, if everything has gone well, the new copy of Windows should be started. At this stage, you must adjust the privacy settings, Cortana settings, Network Configuration and finally associate a Microsoft account to the system (or create a new local user), using the on-screen guided procedures.
note - If the new copy of Windows 10 does not start but already exists on the "old" disk, go back to the UEFI / BIOS settings and set the SSD as the first boot device.
When you're done, you should have a fresh copy of Windows working perfectly. As a final operation, I suggest that you update the installed drivers when possible.
Clone Windows 10 to SSD
If, on the other hand, you plan to create a mirror copy of your current disk on the newly installed SSD, you can do the hard drive cloning using the free program EaseUS Todo Backup Free.
After connecting to the software website, click the button Free download, write a email in the box that appears click the item Try Todo Backup for free and when you get to the next page click on the item Download (corresponding to the column free ).
Once the download is complete, start the downloaded file (eg. tb-free.exe ) and click on the buttons Next, I agree, siguiente for two more consecutive times and, to complete the configuration and immediately start the program, on the button finalize.
If the software does not start automatically, you can call it through the icon added to the menu Home of Windows.
At the first launch of the software, you should see a screen showing the differences between the free and paid versions of the program. To continue without purchasing any licenses and access the main screen of the software, click on the item After located in the lower right.
Once in the new window, click on the button. ☰ placed at the top left, then on the element Cloning system, which resides in the menu that opens, verify that the top of the screen shows the current disk in use (the one containing the copy of Windows you want to clone) and place a check mark next to the SSD name at the bottom, to establish it as a destination unit.
Click the button Advanced placed at the bottom, put the check mark next to the item Optimize for SSD and click on the button to accept to apply the change.
Finally, start the disk cloning process by clicking the button proceed, remembering that the data already present on the SSD will be deleted.
Please note that this operation could take up to several hours, depending on the size of the disks involved and the processing power of the PC.
note : I do not recommend using the PC for other operations during the copy phase, to avoid the creation of new files and the consequent prolongation of the cloning operation.
When you're done, all you have to do is reboot your PC and, to immediately use the newly created disk, access BIOS / UEFI as I showed you earlier and configured the SSD as the first boot device.
You can also, if you wish "Recycle" the old hard drive formatting it and using it to store your personal data.
How to install Windows 10 on external SSD
The steps to follow to installing Windows 10 on external SSDs are a bit more complex than required for installing Windows 10 on an internal disk, but no more difficult for this.
Mainly, the whole procedure involves the use of WinToUSB - A free third-party software that can "prime" any USB drive (including external SSD drives) to back up Windows and install the operating system inside.
The free version of WinToUSB can be used to configure the Home and Educational versions of Windows 10. To install Pro operating systems, you need to purchase the paid version of WinToUSB instead, with prices starting at $ 29,95.
Also, before continuing, make sure you have connected the SSD to your PC and that you have Windows 10 ISO image - You can get it by following the steps I showed you in the previous section of this guide.
To achieve WinToUSB, connected to this website, click the button Download and wait while the program (ex. WinToUSB_Free.exe ) is completely downloaded to the PC.
Then start the newly obtained package, click the buttons yes y to accept, Accept the terms of the license agreement, by checking the appropriate item click the button siguiente for four consecutive times, then on install y Finalize.
Once setup is complete, start WinToUSB through the icon created on the Windows desktop and click the button yes To access the main interface of the program: when it opens, click on the icon sheet with CD placed on the left bar.
Then click on the little icon in the shape of binder located next to the text field Image File and, using the File Explorer panel, select the ISO file Windows previously downloaded, indicates the Windows version install by clicking on its name (eg. Windows 10 Home ) and press the button siguiente.
At this point select external SSD from the top drop-down menu and, later, specify the format modes of the latter, according to the type of PC from which you will have to start the disc.
- MBR for BIOS - for outdated PCs equipped with BIOS system.
- GPT for UEFI - for modern PCs equipped with the UEFI system.
- MBR for BIOS and UEFI - to use the external SSD in both categories of Pcs. If you don't know what to choose, I suggest you check this option (only available in the paid version of the program).
Once the choice is made, note that all existing data on the SSD will be removed, Click the button yes and wait for it to format.
Click the button siguiente, to start the process of copying Windows files, which may take a few minutes.
When done, click the buttons Logout y yes, restart your PC and access the configuration of UEFI / BIOS to configure primary boot from USB disk.
Finally we are there: if everything went well, at the next start you should access the preliminary phase Windows 10 configuration, during which the system will configure all the necessary settings for its correct operation (restarting the PC several times, if necessary).
Once the preliminary phase is complete, you simply need to configure Windows 10 according to your preferences (language, keyboard, time zone, PC users, privacy settings, Cortana operation, etc.) following the procedures shown in the screen.
note : WinToUSB has a function that allows clone Windows installation in use directly on the external SSD drive.
To access, start the program and, from its main screen, click on the icon with the shape disco (the one at the bottom left) and then the button siguiente. However, this functionality is only available in the paid version of the program.
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