la ethernet cables it's those cables, called "network," that allow you to connect PCs to each other or to devices like routers and modems. There are two types: straight, which allow you to connect your PC to network devices, and crossover (or crossed ), which allow you to connect two pcs directly to each other without going through intermediate network devices. You can easily find them in any electronics store, but when you have to build a small home network and therefore need particularly long cables, it is best to provide yourself. wire an ethernet cable.
As you say, what interests you, but being impractical in computing and new technologies, you have no idea where to get it? Well, but don't worry: I can give you all the explanations you need, step by step. Of course, I do not hide the fact that the operation is not really practical and fast, but certainly with a minimum of effort and a little attention, you can also connect an Ethernet cable, I am more than sure.
With today's guide, therefore, I want to explain how to wire an Ethernet cable following the schemes standard for straight and crossover cables. Getting into the details, we are about to discover together how to make a category Ethernet cable 5e. There are several categories, but this is the most common, and in any case, the same general method applies to any network category. Then you're ready? You? All right ... let's ban the talk, roll up our sleeves, and get started!
Like any self-respecting tutorial, we started this guide on how to wire an Ethernet cable by looking at what it takes to create a network cable. You will find all the "equipment" you need listed below.
- A skein of Ethernet cable: You must decide the length according to your needs, but please note that more than 10-15 meters with Category 5e cable it starts to leak signal.
- Two RJ45 plugs (also called 8P8C): that is, the connectors into which you will have to insert the cables contained in the Ethernet cable. Hannp of 8 pins, that is to say, eight metallic contacts that must touch the cables of the Ethernet cable.
- A scissor: It will be used to strip the Ethernet cable before inserting the cables into the socket.
- An 8-pin crimp tool: is the tool that allows you to fix the cables of the Ethernet cable inside the plug.
Now that you have everything you need, I bet you want to take action. However, before doing this, we must see what scheme to follow to wire an Ethernet cable. There are two schemes for creating network cables: EIA/TIA-568A y EIA/TIA-568B. What you choose will essentially depend on what you need to get connected. A direct cable is used to connect two devices different (for example, a hub and a PC). Two similar devices generally require a crossover cable instead. The difference between the two is that a straight cable has both ends identically connected to the 568B, while a crossover cable is connected to the 568A at one end and the 568B at the other.
Now I will illustrate you. Next, I will illustrate the fencing of tibo B, which is the most common and used internationally. The schemes to follow are different for straight and crossover cables. Remember that in crossed cables the plugs must have different diagrams, since only one of them is crossed.
Table of Contents
Scheme for direct network cable
Diagram for crossover network cable
You can find more details and some graphic illustration of the schemes for making Ethernet cables by connecting to this Wikipedia page.
If you are going to build a real plant, you must also set what type to create: external, leaving the "flying cables" around the house (perhaps to cover them with conduit), or inside the wall, using the channels of the telephone line or the TV system. To avoid interference and malfunction, do not route the power cables in the same conduit as the power cables.
And now, as we promised, let's go to action! The first thing you should do is take scissors and remove part of the protective sheath at the ends of the cable, so that the colored threads come out. In doing this, I recommend trying to be as gentle and careful as possible. If you carry out this operation with too much enthusiasm or carelessness, you could risk ruining the cables, compromising their correct operation and, consequently, having to start again.
After proceeding to remove part of the protective sheath from the cable, you should separate the cables and arrange them according to one of the schemes seen above. Do not use pliers or other tools that can break the cables, do it directly with your fingers.
As soon as you order the cables take the scissors again and cut the cables so everyone has same length (therefore, you must cut them to the lowest level). Once this is done, take the threads and gently insert them into the socket until you feel they have reached the bottom. You can understand if the cables have entered the plug properly and if they hold their position by looking at the plug from the front. When doing this, you should be able to see a wire located in each hole. Note that it may take a little effort to firmly push the couples into the socket. The wiring cover should also enter the back of the socket approximately 6mm to help secure the cable when the connector is closed.
At this point, the final touch: take the 8 pin crimping tool I told you about before and tighten the cap until you feel that the clamp no longer falls off. Then try pulling the wires out of the socket and if none come out it means you did everything right. Here's your ready-to-go Ethernet cable! Happy?
Before using the newly created Ethernet cable as you see fit, I suggest that you test it to make sure you have completed all the steps correctly and to make sure that the latter works correctly. You have to take into account the fact that I Badly wired cables can create numerous problems. Also, with PoE (Power-Over-Ethernet) being depopulated in the market, crossover cable pairs could ruin PCs or phone systems, making cable order factor of the utmost importance.
To verify that you have completed all the steps through which you can connect an Ethernet cable correctly, and to ensure that the cable is working properly, you can use a simple wiring tester. Testers are devices with prices that vary, depending on the features offered, between 10,00 euros and me 40,00 euros. You can find them in specialty electronics and IT stores or online, on websites such as Amazon.
Incutex tester for LAN cable Multifunctional Ethernet Red R…
InLine 79998 Network Cable Tester
Note that, as I said at the beginning of the guide, even if it is not too complicated an operation, unless you need to do a good job of wiring, buy cables that are 'out of the box' 'It could be significantly faster and more convenient than having to wire an Ethernet cable yourself. Like testers, Ethernet cables can also be purchased in stores specializing in the sale of IT items and technology or online, on Amazon or other similar portals.
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